Surgery involving the hips is often necessary to restore mobility as well as alleviate pain. Hip surgery can correct a physical defect or repair damage sustained in an accident. There are several different types of hip surgery that are common today, ranging from hip repair to full hip replacement.
Some forms of hip surgery are aimed at repairing fractures somewhere on the femur. Hip pinning and hip fixation are two examples. Screws are inserted to mobilize the fracture and facilitate the healing process.
Hip fractures usually occur from a fall or from a direct blow to the side of the hip. Some medical conditions such as osteoporosis, cancer, or stress injuries can weaken the bone and make the hip more susceptible to breaking.
Hip arthroscopy may be performed before any major hip surgery. Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure that gives doctors a clear view of the inside of a joint. This helps surgeons diagnose and even treat joint problems with minimally invasive surgical techniques.
During hip arthroscopy, your surgeon inserts a small camera, called an arthroscope, into your hip joint. The camera displays pictures on a television screen, and your surgeon uses these images to guide miniature surgical instruments.
When it comes to arthroplasty procedures for the hip, there are a few major varieties that are currently employed. These procedures can range from a partial replacement, or “hemi-arthroplasty,” to a full replacement, called a “total hip” arthroplasty.
Hip arthroscopy has emerged as an alternative to more invasive hip replacement surgeries. Hip arthroscopy has been a special focus of my practice for the past five years.
Total hip replacement may be an option if your hip pain interferes with daily activities and more conservative treatments haven’t helped. Arthritis damage is the most common reason to need hip replacement.
If you have exhausted all non-invasive treatments to alleviate your hip pain, consult with an orthopedic surgeon on procedures that may be right for you. As with any surgery, consulting an orthopedic physician experienced in hip surgery procedures will result in the most successful outcome. Physical therapy following surgery will help you return to your optimal level of functionality, and your fastest return to normal activities.